burn


burn
burn1 W3S2 [bə:n US bə:rn] v past tense and past participle burnt [bə:nt US bə:rnt] or burned
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1¦(produce flames and heat)¦
2¦(destroy something with fire)¦
3¦(injure/kill somebody with fire)¦
4¦(sun)¦
5¦(food)¦
6¦(chemicals)¦
7¦(fuel)¦
8¦(fat/energy)¦
9¦(light)¦
10¦(feel hot and painful)¦
11¦(face/cheeks)¦
12¦(CD)¦
13 be burning with rage/desire etc
14 be burning to do something
15 be/get burned
16 burn your fingers/get your fingers burned
17 burn a hole in your pocket
18 burn your bridges/boats
19 burn the candle at both ends
20 burn the midnight oil
21 it burns somebody that/how etc
22¦(go fast)¦
Phrasal verbs
 burn away
 burn down
 burn something<=>off
 burn out
 burn up
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[: Old English; Origin: byrnan 'to burn' and bArnan 'to cause to burn']
1.) ¦(PRODUCE FLAMES AND HEAT)¦
a) if a fire burns, it produces heat and flames
There was a fire burning in the fireplace.
An average household candle will burn for about six hours.
b) if something is burning, it is producing flames and being damaged or destroyed by fire
Parts of the building are still burning.
2.) ¦(DESTROY SOMETHING WITH FIRE)¦ [T]
to destroy or damage something with fire
I burnt all his old letters.
Cars were burned and shops were looted during the rioting.
The Grand Hotel had burnt to the ground .
Make sure the iron isn't too hot or you'll burn the cloth.
He dropped his cigarette and burnt a hole in the carpet.
3.) ¦(INJURE/KILL SOMEBODY WITH FIRE)¦ [T]
to hurt yourself or someone else with fire or something hot
I burned my hand on the oven door.
She was badly burned in a road accident.
16 passengers were burned to death (=died in a fire) .
A family of five were burned alive in their home last night (=died in a fire) .
Heretics were burnt at the stake (=burnt in a fire as a punishment) .
4.) ¦(SUN)¦ [I and T]
if the sun burns your skin, or if your skin burns, it becomes red and painful from the heat of the sun
→↑sunburn
I burn quite easily.
Don't forget you can still get burnt when you're swimming or when it's cloudy.
Her face and neck were quite badly burned .
5.) ¦(FOOD)¦ [I and T]
to spoil food by cooking it for too long, or to become spoiled in this way
I'm afraid I've burnt the pizza.
burn sth to a crisp/cinder
The meat was burned to a crisp.
6.) ¦(CHEMICALS)¦ [T]
to damage or destroy something by a chemical action
Quite a lot of household chemicals can burn your skin.
7.) ¦(FUEL)¦ [I and T]
if you burn a ↑fuel, or if it burns, it is used to produce power, heat, light etc
The boiler burns oil to produce heat.
greenhouse gases caused by the burning of fossil fuels
8.) ¦(FAT/ENERGY)¦ [T]
if you burn fat or calories, you use up energy stored in your body by being physically active
Taking a brisk walk every morning is a great way to burn calories.
a fat-burning exercise
9.) ¦(LIGHT)¦ [I]
if a light or lamp burns, it shines or produces light
A lamp was burning in the kitchen window.
The hall light was still burning.
10.) ¦(FEEL HOT AND PAINFUL)¦ [I and T]
if a part of your body burns, or if something burns it, it feels unpleasantly hot
The whisky burned my throat as it went down.
My eyes were burning from the smoke.
11.) ¦(FACE/CHEEKS)¦ [I]
if your face or cheeks are burning, they feel hot because you are embarrassed or upset
I could feel my cheeks burning as I spoke.
12.) ¦(CD)¦ [T]
if you burn a ↑CD or ↑DVD, you record music, images, or other information onto it using special computer equipment
13.) be burning with rage/desire etc
to feel a particular emotion very strongly
She was burning with curiosity.
14.) be burning to do sth
to want to do or find out something very much
I was burning to know how he had got on in New York.
15.) be/get burned [i]informal
a) to be emotionally hurt by someone or something
Take things slowly this time - you don't want to get burned again.
b) to lose a lot of money
The company got badly burned in the dot.com collapse.
16.) burn your fingers/get your fingers burned informal
to suffer the unpleasant results of something that you have done
I tried a dating agency once, but got my fingers badly burnt - I'll never do it again.
17.) burn a hole in your pocket
if money burns a hole in your pocket, you want to spend it as soon as you can
18.) burn your bridges/boats informal
to do something with the result that you will not be able to return to a previous situation again, even if you want to
I'm really tempted to take up that job offer in Washington, but I don't want to burn my boats with this company.
19.) burn the candle at both ends informal
to get very tired by doing things until very late at night and getting up early in the mornings
20.) burn the midnight oil informal
to work or study until late at night
21.) it burns sb that/how etc
AmE used to say that something makes someone feel angry or jealous
It really burns me the way they treat us.
22.) ¦(GO FAST)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition] informal
to travel very fast
burn along/up etc
a sports car burning up the motorway
burn away phr v
if something burns away or is burned away, it is destroyed by fire
burn sth<=>away
All her hair had been burnt away.
burn down phr v
1.) if a building burns down or is burned down, it is destroyed by fire
She was worried that the house might burn down while they were away.
burn sth<=>down
The old town hall was burnt down in the 1970s.
2.) if a fire burns down, the flames become weaker and it produces less heat
burn off [burn sth<=>off] phr v
1.) to remove something by burning it
You can use a blowlamp to burn off the old paint.
2.) to use energy that is stored in your body by doing physical exercise
I decided to go for a run to try and burn off a few calories.
burn out phr v
1.) if a fire burns out or burns itself out, it stops burning because there is no coal, wood etc left
He left the fire to burn itself out .
2.) be burnt out
if a building or vehicle is burnt out, the inside of it is destroyed by fire
The hotel was completely burnt out. Only the walls remained.
We passed several burnt out cars.
3.) burn sth<=>out
to remove something by burning it
The cancer cells are burnt out using a laser beam.
4.) to work so hard over a period of time that you become unable to continue working because you are tired, ill, or unable to think of any new ideas
It's a high-pressure job and you could burn out young.
be/get burnt out
He was almost burnt out by the time he was 21.
burn yourself out
She's in danger of burning herself out.
→↑burnout
5.) if an engine or electric wire burns out or is burnt out, it stops working because it has been damaged by getting too hot
The plugs are wired so that if one burns out, the others will still start the engine.
burn sth<=>out
I think you've burnt out one of the gaskets.
6.) if a ↑rocket or ↑jet burns out, it stops working because all its ↑fuel has been used
→↑burnout
burn up phr v
1.) if something burns up or is burnt up, it is completely destroyed by fire or heat
The satellite will burn up as it re-enters the earth's atmosphere.
burn sth<=>up
Most of the woodland has now been burnt up.
2.) burn sth<=>up informal
to use a lot of something in a careless way
Most household appliances burn up loads of electricity.
He just burns up money!
3.) be burning up
spoken if someone is burning up, they are very hot, usually because they are ill
Feel his forehead - he's burning up.
4.) burn sb up
AmE informal to make someone very angry
The way he treats her really burns me up.
5.) burn sth<=>up
to use energy that is stored in your body, by being physically active
As we get older, our body becomes less efficient at burning up calories.
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WORD FOCUS: burn
to be burning: be on fire, be ablaze, be alight
to start burning: catch fire, burst into flames, ignite
to make something start burning: light, set fire to something
to make something stop burning: put out, extinguish
to hurt or damage your skin with hot liquid or steam: scald
the crime of deliberately setting fire to buildings: arson
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burn 2
burn2 S3 n
1.) an injury caused by fire, heat, the light of the sun, or acid
His body was covered in bruises and cigarette burns.
severe/serious burns
She was taken to the hospital with serious burns.
Several of the survivors suffered severe burns .
She is being treated for minor burns .
2.) a mark on something caused by fire or heat
The desk was covered with graffiti and burn marks .
3.) a painful mark on the skin caused by it rubbing hard against something rough
4.) the burn informal
a painful hot feeling in your muscles when you exercise a lot
Go for the burn.
5.) BrE a small stream

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

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